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Alleviation of Poverty through Local Energy Services (APPLES)

Project website

The objective of the project was to develop implementation strategies to enhance access to affordable energy services for poor communities in South Africa.

The key barriers that inhibit such access are lack of knowledge on energy needs and energy supply options, weak infrastructure for delivering energy services, and lack of integration of energy interventions.

APPLES addressed these barriers by researching the energy needs of poor communities, undertaking capacity building activities and identifying best-practices that can be adapted to the South African context.

Furthermore, APPLES supported the efforts of the Government of South Africa to improve the infrastructure to deliver energy services to the poor, in particular the implementation of Integrated energy Centres (IeCs).

APPLES was implemented by a consortium of European and South African partners: Energy Research Centre (ECN), Energy Research Centre, Parallax, Risoe National Laboratory through URC, and Environmental Change Institute.

APPLES was funded by the European Commission under the COOPENER programme, the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Minerals and Energy of South Africa, DANIDA and the Dutch Government.


UNEP Risoe Centre DTU Management Engineering Frederiksborgvej 399, Bldg. 142 P.O. Box 49 DK 4000 Roskilde Denmark


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May 25, 2007