African Perspectives on the Clean Development Mechanism
Papers presented at the Regional Workshop New Partnerships for Sustainable Development:
The Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol
Accra, Ghana, 21-24 September 1998

Contents

Executive Summary

Africa and the Clean Development Mechanism:Perspectives for Growth
Introduction
Climate Change and Development
The Clean Development Mechanism: Key Issues of Concern
CDM and Activities Implimented Jointly (AIJ)
CDM and other Financial Assistance Programs
Likely Benefits and Problems of CDM
An Enabling Environment for CDM
Conclusions
References

CDM Baseline and Additionality in the African Context - The Issues
Introduction
An overview of Africa’s Economic Situation
Baseline Economic Trends
Energy Consumption for Africa
Baseline Emissions
CDM and Baselines: Methodological Issues and Their Implications
National versus Project baselines
Concept of Additionality
Concluding Remarks
References

Participatory Implementation and Governance of Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM) Projects in Africa
Introduction
The Conceptual Basis for Mandating other Stakeholders of the CDM
CDM Stakeholders
Framework for Participatory Implementering and Governance of CDM Projects in Africa
Summary and Conclusion
References

A Potential Modus Operandi for the Clean Development Mechanism as Proposed under the Kyoto Protocol
Introduction
Potential Mechanism for Operation of the CDM
Mechanism to Manage the CDM
The Adaption Fund
Principles to Apply to the CDM
Illustrative Examples
Conclusion

The Clean Development Mechanism as a Tool for Enhancing Substainable
Development
Introduction
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
Substainable Development and its Assessment
Financial Sustainability
Economic Sustainability
Environmental Sustainability
Technology Sustainability
Social Sustainability
Zambia’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks Scenario and Projections
Potential Projects for Consideration under CDM
Forest Management
Household Energy
Sugar Cane Resources for Sustainable Development
Qualitative Assessment of Potential Projects for Substainable Development
Conclusions
References

The Clean Development Mechanism: Energy Projects for Africa
Introduction
The Clean Development Mechanism
African Energy Priorities and Climate Change
The African Energy Sector
African Energy Sector Emissions
Energy Priorities to Energy Projects
Regional Energy Infrastructure
Sustainable Development
Institutions
Institutional Structure of the CDM
National Institutions
Linkages to Stakeholders
Project Cycles
Conclusions
References

Designing Energy Projects in Africa for the Clean Development Mechanism
Introduction
Project Objectives
Typical Projects
Issues for Project Design
Conclusions
References

Design Projects/Programmes/Portfolios - Approaches for CDM: The Transport Sectorin Africa
Introduction
Climate Change and the Transport sector
Potential Climate Change Mitigation Projects- Transport Sector
Conclusions and Recommendations
References

Cost-Effectiveness and Potential Benefits of Forestry Mitigation Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism
Introduction
Evaluation of Mitigation Options
Baseline and Mitigation Scenarios
Estimation of Carbon Sequestration Potential
Cost-Effectiveness of Carbon Sequestration Options
Analysis of Potential Benefits of CDM Forestry Projects
Benefits from Carbon Sequestration
Benefit Analysis
Conclusion
Notes

Acronyms and Abbreviations