Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations
Andean Region Study

ISBN: 87-550-2493-9

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1    PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY
2    THE ANDEAN REGION
3    THE COURSE OF CO2 EMISSION WITHIN THE ANDEAN REGION
4    CURRENT ENERGY STRATEGIES WITHIN THE ANDEAN NATIONS
5    ENERGY INTEGRATION AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
6    CONCLUSIONS

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
1    THE INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT AND THE DEVELOPING WORLD
1.1    Mitigation impact
1.2    Risks and opportunities for climate change mitigation
2    OPPORTUNITIES FOR A REGIONAL APPROACH
3    METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES
3.1    Goals and scope for a regional study
3.2    Evaluation of regional alternatives
3.3    Setting up the scenarios
3.4    The implementation issues
4    SCOPE OF THE ANDEAN REGION STUDY

DIAGNOSIS FOR THE ANDEAN REGION
1    SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISATION
2    ENERGY WITHIN THE ANDEAN REGION
3    THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ANDEAN ENERGY SYSTEM
3.1    Final energy consumption
3.2    The electricity sector
3.3    Gross energy supply
4    GHG EMISSION WITHIN THE ANDEAN ENERGY SYSTEM
4.1    Total CO2 emission
4.2    CO2 emission indicators
5    SPECIFIC CO2 EMISSION
6    UNIT EMISSION FROM POWER STATIONS
7    PER CAPITA EMISSION
8    THE INTENSITY OF NON-BIOGENIC EMISSION BY THE ANDEAN ECONOMY
8.1    Energy and CO2 emission paths

PROSPECT FOR THE ANDEAN REGION IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY
1    INTRODUCTION
1.1    Bolivia
1.2    Colombia
1.3    Ecuador
1.4    Peru
1.5    Venezuela
2    THE ENERGY STRATEGY OF THE ANDEAN NATIONS
2.1    Energy industry restructuring within the Andean Region
2.2    Energy policies within the Andean Nations
3    THE ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY OF THE ANDEAN NATIONS
4    PROSPECTS ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR WITHIN THE ANDEAN REGION

ENERGY INTEGRATION WITHIN LATIN AMERICA
1    INTRODUCTION
2    RECENT TRENDS WITHIN THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY
3    ELECTRICITY INTERCONNECTIONS

ENERGY INTEGRATION OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE ANDEAN REGION
1    INTRODUCTION
2    IDENTIFICATION OF INTEGRATION OPTIONS
2.1    Bolivia – Peru
2.2    Peru – Ecuador
2.3    Ecuador – Colombia
2.4    Colombia – Venezuela
3    POSSIBLE IMPACT OF REGIONAL ENERGY INTEGRATION
3.1    Energy impact
3.2    Impact on GHG emission

OBSTACLES TO ENERGY INTEGRATION
1    INTRODUCTION
2    REGULATION ASPECTS
3    REGIONAL INTEGRATION ORGANISATIONS