Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa
Botswana Country Study

ISBN: 87-550-2429-9

Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 Introduction
1.1 Overall Project Framework
1.2 Country Background
1.2.1 Population
1.2.2 Economy
1.3 Energy structure
1.3.1 Energy Supply and Infrastructure
1.3.2 Energy Demand
1.4 National Energy and Environmental Policies
1.4.1 Energy Policies
1.4.2 Environmental Policies
1.5 Energy Pricing Policies
1.6 Project Breakdown
1.6.1 Summary of Phase 1 Study

2 Economics of GHG limitation in the Energy Sector of Botswana
2.1 Objectives of Phase 2
2.2 Data and Modelling Approach
2.3 Baseline Data and Assumptions
2.3.1 Demographic Data and Assumptions
2.3.2 Macro-economic Data and Assumptions
2.4 Sectoral Energy Demand
2.4.1 Household Sector-Data and Assumptions
2.4.2 Agriculture Sector
2.4.3 Transport Sector
2.4.4 Industry Sector
2.4.5 Commerce Sector
2.5 Electricity-Transformation Sector
2.5.1 Short Term Assumptions
2.5.2 Long Term Assumptions
2.6 Regional Assumptions
2.7 International Influence - Global Policies and Fuel prices

3 Baseline Scenarios
3.1 Projected Sectoral Energy Demand
3.1.1 Household Sector
3.1.2 Agricultural Sector
3.1.3 Transport Sector
3.1.4 Industry Sector
3.1.5 Commercial Sector
3.2 Total Demand-Side Energy
3.2.1 Fuel Demand
3.2.2 Sectoral Energy Demand
3.3 Transformation energy
3.3.1 Transformation Input Energy Demand by Fuel
3.3.2 Energy Demand by Power Plant
3.4 Primary Energy Fuel Supplies
3.5 Baseline GHG Emissions
3.5.1 Demand and Transformation Side GHG Emissions
3.5.2 Sectoral GHG Emissions

4 Analysis
4.1 Parameter Analysis
4.1.1 Discount Rates
4.1.2 Costs and Prices
4.1.3 Data Reliability and perspective
4.2 Selection of Mitigation Options
4.3 Option Analysis Layout
4.4 Implementation Aspects
4.5 Macro-economic Impact Assessment Criteria

5 Option by Option Analysis
5.1 Demand Side Options
5.1.1 Household sector
5.1.2 Industry Sector
5.1.3 Transport Sector
5.1.4 Agriculture Sector
5.2 Supply Side Options

6 Mitigation Strategy for Botswana
6.1 Cost Curve Analysis
6.2 National Development Priorities and Realignment of Mitigation Options

7 Conclusions and Recommendations
7.1 Conclusions
7.2 Recommendations

8 References

Annexes