Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations
The indirect costs and benefits of greenhouse gas limitations

ISBN: 87-550-2458-0

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION

2    ADJUSTMENT TO FINANCIAL COSTS
2.1    General Conceptual Issues
2.2    Economic Opportunity Cost or Economic Cost
2.3    External Cost, Private Cost and Social Cost
2.4    Shadow Prices
2.5    Hidden or Implementation Costs
2.6    An Example of Shadow Prices
2.7    Conclusions

3    MACROECONOMIC IMPACTS
3.1    Measurement Of Impacts In The Macroeconomic Models
3.2    Baseline Selection
3.3    Treatment Of Double Dividend And Multiple Objectives
3.4    Conclusions on Macroeconomic Impacts

4    SUSTAINABILITY
4.1    Basic Concepts
4.2    Sustainability and GHG Mitigation

5    SELECTION CRITERIA
5.1    Quantitative Monetary Data on the Project
5.2    Quantitative Non-monetary Information
5.3    Qualitative Information
5.4    Conclusions on Selection Criteria

6    A FRAMEWORK FOR ALL IMPACTS OF GHG LIMITATION PROJECTS
6.1    Energy
6.2    Forestry
6.3    Transport
6.4    Land Use and Agriculture
6.5    Overview of Impacts

7    EVALUATING EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS OF GHG PROJECTS AND POLICIES
7.1    Gain of Income
7.2    Replacement Earnings
7.3    Value of Any Lost Leisure
7.4    Health Related Impacts
7.5    Valuing the Health Effects
7.6    Applying the Methodology to Estimate the Benefits of Employment Creation in Money Terms

8    INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND POVERTY
8.1    Data on Income and Poverty Impacts of Policies
8.2    Estimates of Income Distribution Weights

9    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND THEIR ASSESSMENT
9.1    Introduction
9.2    Changes in Air Quality
9.3    Estimates of Damages from Industrialised Countries
9.4    Other Environmental Damages

10    CASE STUDIES
10.1    Introduction
10.2    Biogas in Tanzania
10.3    Afforestation In Russia
10.4    Demand Side Management in Thailand

11    CONCLUSIONS

12    REFERENCES