Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations
Vietnam

ISBN: 87-550-2527-7

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD
PREFACE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    (1) Introduction
    (1.1) Background information about Viet Nam
    (1.2)Macro-economy
    (1.3) Status of Climate Change activities in Viet Nam
    (1.4) National development objectives
    (2) Description of approaches and model used for mitigation options
    (2.1) Energy
    (2.2) Forestry
    (2.3) Agriculture
    (3) National inventory and projection of GHG emissions
    (3.1) GHG emission factors
    (3.2) Global Warming Potential (GWP's)
    (3.3) National inventory of GHG emissions
    (3.4) GHG inventory projection to 2030
    (4) Baseline and abatement scenario in energy sector
    (4.1) Baseline scenarios
    (4.2) Abatement scenario
    (5) Baseline and abatement scenario in forestry sector
    (5.1) Baseline scenario
    (5.2) Abatement scenario
    (6) Baseline and abatement scenario in Agricultural sector
    (6.1) Baseline scenario
    (6.2) Abatement scenario
    (7) National perspective on GHG emissions and Mitigation options
    (7.1) Cost of emission reduction initiatives (CERI) Curves for each sector
    (7.1.1) Energy sector
    (7.1.2) Forestry sector
    (7.1.3) Agriculture sector
    (7.2) GHG abatement action plan
    (7.2.1) Energy
    (7.2.2) Forestry
    (7.2.3) Agriculture

1.    INTRODUCTION
1.1    Background information about Viet Nam
1.1.1    Geography
1.1.2    Land use
1.2    Economic information
1.2.1    Macro-economy
1.2.2    Energy
1.2.3    Industry
1.2.4    Forestry
1.2.5    Agriculture
1.3    Status of climate change activities in Viet Nam
1.4    National development objectives

2.    DATA AND MODELS USED
2.1    Description of approaches and models used for mitigation options
2.1.1    Energy sector
2.1.2    Forestry sector
2.1.3    Agricultural sector
2.2    Input data
2.2.1    Energy
2.2.2    Forestry
2.2.3    Agriculture

3.    INVENTORY AND PROJECTIONS OF GHG EMISSIONS
3.1    GHG emission factors and Global Warming Potential
3.1.1    GHG emission factors
3.1.2    Global Warming Potential
3.2    Energy sector GHG emissions
3.2.1    Background
3.2.2    Methodology
3.2.3    GHG emissions from energy sector in 1993
3.2.4    GHG emission Projection to 2030 (Baseline Scenario) in Energy sector
3.3    Industry sector GHG emissions
3.3.1    GHG emissions from industry sector in 1993
3.3.2    GHG emission projection to 2030 in industry sector
3.4    Forestry sector GHG emissions
3.4.1    Introduction
3.4.2    GHG emissions from forestry sector in 1993
3.4.3    GHG emission projection to 2030 (baseline scenario) in forestry sector
3.5    Agricultural Sector GHG emissions
3.5.1    Introduction
3.5.2    GHG emissions from agriculture sector in 1993
3.5.3    GHG emission Projection to 2030 (baseline scenario) in agriculture sector
3.6    Summary of GHG emissions in Viet Nam 1993 and projection to 2030
3.6.1    Summary of GHG emissions in 1993
3.6.2    GHG inventory projection up to 2030

4.    ENERGY SECTOR BASELINE AND ABATEMENT SCENARIO
4.1    Baseline scenario
4.1.1    Baseline assumptions
4.1.2    The economic development assumption
4.1.3    Energy demand projection
4.1.4    Primary energy projection
4.1.5    Power generation
4.2    Abatement scenarios
4.2.1    Abatement scenario assumption
4.2.2    Abatement scenarios
4.2.3    Energy consumption scenarios
4.2.4    Energy supply scenarios
4.3    Summary of mitigation opportunities

5.    BASELINE AND ABATEMENT SCENARIO IN FORESTRY SECTOR
5.1    Baseline scenario
5.2    Description of forestry mitigation options
5.2.1    Forestry mitigation options
5.2.2    Assessment of forestry mitigation options
5.3    Abatement scenario

6.    BASELINE AND ABATEMENT SCENARIO IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
6.1    Baseline scenario
6.2    Mitigation options in agricultural sector
6.2.1    Mitigation option for methane emissions from rice cultivation
6.2.2    Mitigation option for methane emissions from livestock
6.2.3    Cost - effectiveness of methane emission option
6.3    Abatement scenario

7.    NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON GHG EMISSIONS AND MITIGATION OPTIONS
7.1    Cost of Emission reduction Initiatives (CERI) Curves for each sector
7.1.1    Introduction
7.1.2    Energy sector
7.1.3    Forestry sector
7.1.4    Agriculture sector
7.2    Total national emissions in baseline and abatement scenarios
7.2.1    Total national emissions in baseline scenarios
7.2.2    Total national GHG abated in abatement scenarios
7.3    GHG abatement action plan
7.3.1    Energy
7.3.2    Forestry
7.3.3    Agriculture

8.    CONCLUSIONS

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIXES