Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa
Zambia Country Study

ISBN: 87-550-2430-0

Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1    Introduction
1.1    Country Background
1.2    Project Background
1.3    Scope of Work
1.4    Framework for Climate Change
1.4.1    Description
1.5    Overview of Climate Change Studies, Impact, Inventory and Mitigation
1.5.1    Climate Change Mitigation In Southern Africa: Phase 1
1.5.2    Zambia Country Study on Climate Change
1.5.3    Activities on GHG Emissions, Inventory, Vulnerability, Mitigation and Adaptation
1.5.4    Aggregate GHG Inventory
1.6    Evaluation of National Social and Demographic Trends
1.6.1    Social Conditions
1.6.2    Demographic Trends with Specific Reference to Population
1.7    Major Land Use Activities
1.7.1    Major Uses of Land
1.7.2    Land Cover and Potential
1.8    Main National Economic Development Trends
1.8.1    Basic Statistics on GDP Structure
1.9    Overall Sectional Performance
1.9.1    Mining
1.9.2    Manufacturing Industry
1.9.3    Agriculture
1.9.4    Road Infrastructure and Transport

2    Overview of Zambia’s Energy Sector and GHG Emissions
2.1    Energy Situation
2.1.1    Energy Consumption
2.1.2    Energy Supply
2.2    GHG Emissions
2.2.1    Emissions from the Energy Sector
2.2.2    Emission from Industrial Processes
2.2.3    Emissions from Land Use Activities
2.2.4    CO2 Sinks

3    Baseline Scenario (Energy Sector)
3.1    Introduction
3.2    Main Assumptions
3.2.1    Population and Households Size
3.2.2    Household Energy Mix
3.2.3    Economic Activities
3.2.4    Energy Intensity
3.2.5    Energy Policy Implications
3.3    Price Assumptions
3.4    Methodology and Data
3.5    Energy Consumption Projections
3.6    Emission Projections
3.6.1    Energy
3.6.2    Industrial Processes
3.6.3    Emissions from Land-Use Activities

4    Mitigation Scenario
4.1    Introduction
4.2    Mitigation
4.2.1    Energy Sector
4.2.2    Land Use Change and Forestry
4.3    Mitigation in the Energy Sector
4.4    Characteristics Of Mitigation Options
4.4.1    Household Energy
4.4.2    Transport Sector
4.4.3    Industry
4.4.4    Government Service
4.5    Input Data
4.6    Discussion Of Results
4.6.1    Energy Demand Projections
4.6.2    Carbon Dioxide Emissions
4.6.3    Emission Reductions and Costs

5    Forestry Sector
5.1    Baseline Scenario
5.1.1    The Forest Sector In Zambia
5.1.2    Causes for Forest Depletion
5.1.3    Scenario Assumptions
5.2    Mitigation Options in the Forest Sector in Zambia
5.2.1    Categories of Mitigation Options
5.2.2    Characteristics of Mitigation Options
5.3    Assessments using the Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis Process (COMAP)
5.3.1    Impacts on Biomass Pool
5.3.2    Forest Protection
5.3.3    Forest Re-afforestation
5.3.4    Natural Regeneration
5.3.5    Ranking of Forestry Mitigation Options

6    Macro-Economic Assessment
6.1    Household Energy Project
6.2    Ethanol Production
6.3    Electric Boilers
6.4    Cement Production
6.5    Improved Maintenance of Government Vehicles
6.6    Forestry Projects

7    Implementation Issues

8    References

Appendices
Appendix I: Input Data
Appendix II: Baseline Energy Demand
Appendix III: Determination of the Equivalent Energy Requirements
Appendix IV: Mitigation Options and Associated Emission Reduction Costs
Appendix VI: Qualitative Assessment of Macro-Economic Impacts