Implementation of Renewable Energy Technologies
Project Opportunities and Barriers
Ghana Country Study

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Dedication
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Objectives
1.2 Methodology
1.3 Structure and Scope of the Report

2 CONCEPTUAL ISSUES IN ENERGY POLICY
2.1 Concepts
2.2 Some Definitions
2.3 Measures and Instruments of Energy Policy
2.4 Policy Instruments and Measures for Renewable Energy Technologies
2.5 Overview of the Experiences of Some Asian Countries

3 RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY INSTRUMENTS AND MEASURES IN GHANA
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 The Energy Sector Development Programme (ESDP), 1996-2000
3.3 Power Sector
3.4 Administrative and Institutional Arrangements
3.5 Valuation of Energy Sector Development Programme (ESDP)
3.6 Synthesis

4 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGIES IN GHANA
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Biomass Energy
4.3 Solar and Wind Energy
4.4 Implemented Solar Projects
4.5 Small Hydro Power

5. BARRIER ANALYSIS - BIOMASS TECHNOLOGIES
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Biomass Dryers

6 Barrier Analysis - Solar Technologies
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Solar Crop Dryers
6.3 Solar Water Heaters
6.4 Solar Water Pumps
6.5 Stakeholders' Perspectives - Solar Water Pumps
6.6 Conclusions

7 BARRIER ANALYSIS - SMALL HYDRO POWER
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Socio-Technical Barriers
7.3 Economic Barriers
7.4 Cross-Cutting Barriers
7.5 Stakeholders' Perspectives - Small Hydro Power
7.6 Key Barriers
7.7 Follow-Up Project
7.8 Conclusion

8 OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF RETS
8.1.1 Introduction
8.1.2 National Electrification Scheme
8.1.3 Power Sector Reform
8.1.4 National Electrification Fund (NEF)
8.1.5 Energy Fund

9 POLICY IMPLICATIONS
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Summary of Key Findings
9.3 Policy Options
9.4 Concluding Remarks
9 References

APPENDICES

Appendix 1 Framework for Barrier Analysis
Appendix 2 List of Identified SHP Sites in Ghana
Appendix 3a Financial Analysis of 30,000 Tonnes Sawdust Briquetting Plant - Worst Case
Appendix 3b Financial Analysis of 30,000 Tonnes Sawdust Briquetting Plant - Best Case
Appendix 4a Financial Analysis of Wli Falls (Project life 40 years)
Appendix 4b Financial Analysis of Tsatsadu Falls (Project life 40 years)
Appendix 5 20% More: A Wish-List for RETs in Ghana