Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa
Methodological Development, Regional Implementation Aspects,
National Mitigation Analysis and Institutional Capacity Building
in Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Phase 1

ISBN: 87-550-2090-9

1.1 The UNEP Greenhouse Gas Abatement Costing Study
1.2 Coordination with other activities
1.3 Outputs of the project
1.4 Regional aspects of GHG emission limitations analysis and implementation
1.5 Introduction to the report

2.1 Regional overview
2.2 Overview of the regional energy sector and expected trends
2.2.1 Regional electricity supply and demand
2.2.2 Regional power generation and transmission systems
2.2.3 Regional electricity expansion trends
2.2.4 Regional coal consumption
2.2.5 Regional oil consumption
2.2.6 SADC energy balance
2.2.7 Energy resources in the region
2.2.8 Solar energy
2.3 Establishment of preliminary regional GHG emissions.
2.4 Review of existing regional studies
2.5 Regional mitigation aspects including a preliminary list of possible options
2.6 References

3.1 Botswana overview
3.1.1 Physical Features
3.1.2 Demographic Setting
3.1.3 Economic and Social Policy Framework
3.1.4 Transport systems
3.1.5 Ecological and Land-Use Setting
3.1.6 Environmental Legislation on Land Use
3.1.7 International Relations
3.2 Overview of institutional set-up for national planning
3.2.1 National Management Institutional Framework
3.3 Organisational overview for existing national climate change activities
3.4 Review of existing studies and plans on cc and related issues in energy, land use , forestry,
environment, economic development planning
3.4.1 The Botswana Energy Master Plan (BEMP, 1993)
3.4.2 The National Forestry Research Action Plan
3.4.3 The National Development Plan (NDP)
3.4.4 The National Conservation Strategy (NCS)
3.4.5 Previous Studies
3.5 Energy Supply structure in Botswana
3.5.1 Coal
3.5.2 Electricity
3.5.3 Petroleum Products
3.5.4 Fuelwood
3.5.5 Renewable energy sources
3.5.6 Draft Power
3.6 Energy demand
3.6.1 Coal
3.6.2 Electricity
3.6.3 Fuelwood
3.6.4 Petroleum Products
3.6.5 Renewable Energy Sources
3.7 Energy Projections
3.8 Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Botswana
3.8.1 CO2
3.8.2 CH4
3.8.3 N2O
3.8.4 Summary of GHG emissions
3.8.5 Sectoral GHG Analysis
3.9 Opportunities for GHG mitigation
3.9.1 General case
3.9.2 GHG Mitigation options for Botswana
3.10 Abbreviations and acronyms
3.11 Calorific value of fuels
3.12 References
3.13 Maps of Botswana

4.1 Country description
4.1.1 Physical features
4.1.2 Demographic information
4.2 Economic development and planning
4.2.1 Tanzania national planning system
4.2.2 Tanzania economic performance
4.3 Climate change studies in Tanzania
4.3.1 Source and sinks of greenhouse gases in Tanzania
4.3.2 Preliminary results of the sources and sinks of GHG study
4.3.3 The country study on GHG mitigation in Tanzania
4.4 The analysis of energy demand and supply
4.4.1 Electricity demand
4.4.2 Load forecast for the TANESCO grid system
4.4.3 Power generation
4.4.4 Petroleum requirement and resources
4.5 Energy production and greenhouse gas emissions
4.6 GHG abatement options in energy production
4.6.1 Options for isolated thermal power stations
4.6.2 Options for thermal power plants interconnected to the grid system
4.7 Transportation and CO2 emissions
4.7.1 Transportation modes and GHG emissions in Tanzania
4.7.2 Transportation infrastructure and CO2 emissions
4.8 Cement production and CO2 emissions
4.9 Pulp and paper production and GHG emissions
4.10 Options in residential and commercial energy use
4.11 The non energy sectors
4.11.1 The Agricultural sector
4.12 Forestry and land uses - CO2 emissions and removals
4.12.1 Maintaining existing land based carbon stock
4.12.2 Expand land-based carbon sink potential
4.13 Waste management

5.1 Zambia overview
5.1.1 Biophysical environment
5.1.2 Human Population
5.1.3 Population and environment
5.2 The Economy
5.2.1 General overview
5.2.2 Sector performance
5.2.3 Macro-economic performance
5.3 Structural adjustment programme and privatisation
5.4 Overview of the institutional set up for national planning related to the environment
5.5 Organisation overview for the existing national climate change activities
5.6 Review of existing studies and plans on climate change
5.7 Energy sector
5.7.1 Energy supply
5.7.2 Energy demand
5.8 Energy resources in Zambia
5.9 Energy policy
5.10 CO2 emissions from Zambia
5.11 Mitigation options
5.12 References