Environmental Protection Implications of the Electric Power Restructuring in Ghana

ISBN: 87-550-2606-0 (Internet: 87-550-2607-9)
ISSN: 0106-2840

Contents

Part 1 Background: Economy, Energy and the Environment

1 Introduction
1.1 Background and Context
1.2 Study objectives and scope
1.3 Analytical Approach to Study
1.4 Organisation of Study

2 Overview of Economic and Energy Situation in Ghana
2.1 Macro-economic context
2.2 Prospects for Future Economic Growth
2.3 Energy Sector
2.4 Environmental Issues

Part 2 The Power Sector and the Environment

3 Electric Power Supply Industry in Ghana
3.1 Institutions in the Power Supply Industry
3.2 Electricity Demand
3.3 Factors Influencing Electricity Demand
3.4 National Electrification Scheme (NES)
3.5 Projected Electricity Needs
3.6 Future Power Supply Options
3.7 Reform Issues
3.8 Generating Technologies
3.9 Concluding Remark

4 General Environmental Effects of the Electric Utility Industry
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Local and Regional Environmental Impact
4.3 Impacts on Land and Soil
4.4 Environmental Effects of Hydroelectric Power Projects
4.5 Environmental Effects of Electricity Transmission Lines

5 Estimating Emissions in the Electric Utility Industry
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Estimation of Emissions from Power Generation
5.3 Model, Data and Underlying Assumptions
5.4 Results and Analyses
5.5 Remarks on the Results

Part 3 Mitigating the Environmental Impacts of the Power Sector Reform

6 Environmental Regulatory Frame work and Power Sector Activities
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Existing Environmental Regulatory Institutions
6.3 Activities of the EPA
6.4 Collaborating Agencies in Environmental Protection
6.5 Strengths and Weaknesses: Environmental Regulatory Institutions
6.6 Environmental Protection Instruments
6.7 Economic Instruments
6.8 Comparison of Command and Control and Economic Instruments
6.9 Conclusion

7 Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
7.1 Conclusions
7.2 Policy Recommendations
7.3 Concluding Remarks