No. 6 December 1994
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was set up under UNEP and the
World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and charged with developing the scientific
background for understanding climate change. The first IPCC assessment published in 1990
and supplemented in 1992 established a general consensus on the phenomenon and lead to the
formulation and international acceptance of the Framework Convention on Climate Change
(FCCC) which entered into force in March 1994. Three working groups have been set up to
prepare the 2nd IPCC Assessment.
- Working Group I assesses available information on the science of climate change, in
particular that arising from human activities. This includes: the scientific understanding
of past and present climate change, factors affecting climate change, modelling and
prediction, uncertainties and gaps in current knowledge, methodology for emission
- Working Group II assesses available scientific, technical, environmental, social and
economic information regarding impacts of climate change and response options to adapt to
and/or mitigate climate change.
- Working Group III deals with cross-cutting economic and other issues related to climate
change. Main activities are:
- Technical assessment of the socio-economics of impacts, adaptation and mitigation of
climate change over both the short and long term and at the regional and global levels,
- Development of emission scenarios.
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