No. 9 May 1997 Supplement
The Newsletter of the UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment
Building Capacity in the Arab Republic of Egypt to Respond to the Challenges and Opportunities created by National Response to the Framework Convention on Climate Change
The Arab Republic of Egypt covers a land area of over one million km2 in the hyperarid regions of North Africa and West Asia astride the Sahara and Arabian deserts, with a rainfall in most parts of less than 50 mm. The Nile is the country's basic life sustaining system, providing more than 95% of its water requirements. Less than 3% of the land is cultivated and occupied by a population over 52 million, resulting in a high population density of about 1,300 people per km2. In view of this, Egypt's environmental problems and issues are dominated by the critical need to manage the scarce common resources of water and cultivable land more effectively to meet the needs of a population which grew at a rate of 2.56% per annum between 1980 and 1990.
The UNEP Greenhouse Gas Abatement Costing Studies project played an important role in initiating mitigation analysis in Egypt. The central features of the 1994 UNEP country study for Egypt were: the definition of a reference or baseline scenario; identification of abatement options; and construction of a consistent abatement scenario, which aimed at specific values of emission reduction in a defined year in the short term (2010) and in the medium term (2030). This was followed by another study on GHG emissions, adaptation and mitigation options especially in energy sector under the U. S. Country Studies Programme. This collaboration between the Egyptian and US Governments is being continued with a SNAP country study to facilitate the preparation of a national climate change action plan.
The UNDP/GEF project was launched at a Project Initiation Workshop held on 2 December 1996 in Cairo. Given the important role played by UCCEE in mitigation studies in general and specifically in Egypt, the UNDP has established a direct contract with the UNEP Centre for technical support to the national team. Under the project, policy and technical proposals for climate change adaptation and mitigation generated through a variety of sources will be assessed in order to develop country reports intended to help guide national and subnational policy development.
UCCEE's assistance focuses on the following project activities:
Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency (EEAA) and other implementing agencies like the Organisation for Energy Conservation and Planning (OECP) coordinate policy analysis to develop and assess policy options and institutionalise information collection and policy assessments, bringing in relevant experience from region and elsewhere.
UNEP Centre Project Contact: Pramod Deo
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