No. 9 May 1997 Supplement

Country Study News

The Newsletter of the UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment

Jordan

Building Capacity for GHG Inventory and Action Plans in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in response to UNFCCC Communications Obligations

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan covers a land area of over 97 thousand km2 in a hot and dry region of West Asia. It is an almost land­locked state bordered by Israel to the west, Syria to the north, Iraq to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south. It is largely desert country in the east with annual precipitation of less than 12 centimetres. The population of Jordan is 4.14 million and population density was about 42.4 people per km2 in mid­1991. In the longer term, Jordan is likely to be confronted by a severe shortage of the most basic of natural resources, water, which can be overcome only through increased regional cooperation. Jordan's environmental problems and issues are dominated by the critical need to manage the scarce common resources of water and cultivable land more effectively to meet the needs of a growing population.

The UNDP/GEF project was launched on 29 September, 1996 in Amman at an initiation workshop, inaugurated by the Minister of Municipal, Rural Affairs and the Environment. This project will provide technical assistance, institutionalise communication, and build capacity in Jordan to assist in climate change mitigation and adaptation through the advancement of national priorities in areas such as energy efficiency, fuel substitution, renewable energy development, and forest conservation and management. At the same time, local capacity to respond to the Framework Convention on Climate Change will be promoted through the development of GHG inventory assessments, establishment of policy dialogues, evaluation of technological options, investigation of climate change impacts, and analysis of adaptation opportunities. UNDP has established direct contract with UCCEE in order to provide required technical assistance.

On 15 March 1997, a national workshop on Jordan's GHG inventory was held in Amman to review the "National Inventory of Anthropogenic Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks of GHGs not Controlled by the Montreal Protocol".

The working sessions introduced the UNFCCC and the project in hand, before reviewing the estimates of emissions and removals given in the inventory and the methodologies and data used in preparing the draft. The workshop was attended by a large number of participants from government, academic, business and non-governmental institutions and organisations. The discussions and views expressed were notably well informed considering that there has been no previous work on the climate change issue in the country. A training workshop on the analysis of mitigation options was held during the period 12­14 April 1997

On completion of this project by May 1998, Jordan will have a considerably improved capacity through which to respond to the challenges and opportunities presented by its ratification of the UNFCCC. It is expected that a two­tiered institutional mechanism consisting of a policy­making Interministerial Steering Committee and a permanent technical secretariat in the General Corporation for Environment Protection (GCEP) would be strengthened that it would be able to coordinate the activities that are necessary to develop policy options related to climate change and to comply with the provisions of the Convention.

UNEP Centre Project Contact: Pramod Deo

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