No. 9 May 1997 Supplement

Country Study News

The Newsletter of the UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment

Senegal

Although limiting greenhouse gas emissions is not necessarily a high­priority policy objective for Senegal, early studies have demonstrated the existence of a number of mitigation options whose implementation could prove less expensive than alternative actions foreseen in national development plans. Earlier implementation of hydropower schemes, intensification of agricultural practices, energy efficiency improvement, afforestation for energy needs, among others, have been identified as options which entail an 'economic double dividend' either because their costs are lower than the technologies currently in use or because of the positive side­effects which would result from their implementation.

The Senegal country study intends to undertake in­depth analysis of these mitigation options as well as to explore new alternatives not yet covered by previous studies. The analysis is expected to concentrate on the cost evaluation of the options, their impacts on the overall economy, and the identification of barriers and constraints which prevent translating desired options into actions that simultaneously advance national development objectives while addressing climate change concerns.

The Directorate for the Environment at the Ministry for the Environment and Nature Protection has been nominated as the executing agency for the country study. Substantial support from the Directorates for Planning and Energy as well as technical backup from local experts is taking place.

The study is carried out in close collaboration between the local experts and ENDA­Tiers Monde ­ Energy Programme. ENDA is providing the national team with technical assistance and training on the construction of long­term scenarios, the macro­economic assessment of mitigation options and the use of LEAP model.

The National Seminar on Climate Change took place in Dakar from 16 to 17 January 1997 as part of both the country study activities and the CC:TRAIN Programme. The first part of the seminar was devoted to general aspects of climate change including the scope of the UNFCCC and the financial mechanisms for its implementation. The second part of the seminar comprised presentations on sectoral opportunities and constraints for mitigation actions. The seminar had a significant awareness­raising effect on climate change related issues. In addition, the seminar played a significant role in catalysing institutional interaction and facilitating the exchange of information and expertise among institutions.

(Previous GHG Abatement Costing Study for Senegal)

Project Coordinator: Ibrahima Sow, Ministry for Environment and Nature Protection, Senegal.

UNEP Centre Project Manager: Arturo Villavicencio

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Last updated: 30 July 1997 goma@dtu.dk
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